Windows 7 Backup and Restore Utility: Part 1 – How To Backup Files in Windows 7

The Backup and Restore utility in Windows 7 provides a method for backing up your work to a separate location, such as a flash drive or an external hard drivePart 1 of this series guides you thru the basic method of backing up your personal data.

Setting up a Windows 7 Backup

To open up the Windows 7 Backup and Restore utility in Windows 7, browse to the Control Panel and select either Backup and Restore or Back up your computer.
HowToBackupFilesInW7-01-OpenBackup HowToBackupFilesInW7-02-Setup

In the Back up or restore your files window, click the link Set up backup.
The Windows Backup utility will start.

Windows will provide a list of drives available for storing the backup.  Select an external location to store your backups, such as an external hard drive or flash drive, then select Next.

You can have Windows choose what to backup or you can choose the files and directories.
Select Let Windows choose (recommended).

By selecting Let Windows Choose, default user folders for All users should get backed up as shown here in Review your backup settings.  While this tends to make the backups somewhat larger, if you are unfamiliar with backups, and want a simple, reliable backup, this default will grab all files you save in the Library and Documents folders. 

If you want to change or disable the backup schedule, select Change Schedule.

Here you can disable the schedule or schedule the day and time the backup will occur.
Once you set your schedule, select OK.

Select Save settings and run backup.  This will insure your first backup is completed.

The first backup will run immediately.
Once the backup is complete you can close Backup and Restore.

Missing a Scheduled Backup

If you remove the external device (the external hard drive or flash drive) that you are using to back up your files, you will see an error in your backup software:  Windows cannot find the disk or network location where your backups are being saved.  Your backup will fail until you reconnect the external disk.


Video: Backing up and restoring your computer

Back up your files

Restore files from a backup

Restore your computer from a system image backup 

Back up and restore: frequently asked questions 


Uninstallers and Removal Tools for Common Antivirus Software






CA Antivirus

Comodo Internet Security


Cyber Defender  Early Detection Center

Dr. Web


FRISK F-PROT  Antivirus for Windows


G Data



K7 Total Security




Norman Virus Control  /Norman Security Suite

Norton (Symantec )
Download and run the Norton Removal Tool to uninstall your Norton product
Norton  Security Scan

Panda Cloud Internet Protection


Trend Micro
Trend Micro Titanium
Trend Micro Worry-Free  Business Security Agent

Vipre (Sunbelt Software)


Windows Live OneCare

Windows Security Essentials

Zone Alarm

Notes and Links:
Eset – Uninstallers (removal tools) for common antivirus software

Microsoft – List of anti-malware product removal tools – Comprehensive List of 26 Uninstallers and Removal Tools for Internet Security and Antivirus SoftwareRead more:

SingularLabs – Uninstallers – Security Software


The Visio 2010 MVP Sessions

Explore the many features of Microsoft Visio 2010. In 24 self-contained videos ranging from five to eight minutes, three Visio MVPs discuss and demonstrate the basics of how to use and apply some of the most important features and capabilities of Visio 2010. Each Visio 2010 MVP Session provides the understanding needed to get started with using Visio 2010 to solve a specific challenge or apply a specific feature or technique.

The Visio 2010 MVP Sessions at Microsoft


Links to a set of articles at – Common methods for accessing your BIOS

How To Access the BIOS Setup Utility

BIOS Setup Utility Access Keys for Popular Computer Systems

BIOS Setup Utility Access Keys for Popular Motherboards

BIOS Setup Utility Access Keys for Major BIOS Manufacturers

LogMeIn Causes Display Driver Error in Windows Media Center – Notes and Links

If you have dual monitors / one not hdcp – start WMC on the non HDCP monitor and drag it over to the main monitor.

Display Driver Error in Windows Media Center only on LiveTV. Minimizing/Maximizing fixes it.

LogMeIn Causes Error in Windows Media Center

I am posting my reply to this article because his blog is even less active than mine.  I figure I should capture my comments in case his blog disappears.   I may want to expand on this and at least one other issue I have come across with LogMeIn interacting with Windows Media Center on Windows 7 64bit.

There may be a few combinations of the right hardware/software that can create this particular issue.

I have:
1 – A (brand new) HDHomeRun Prime
2 – An AMD APU with a AMD Radeon HD 6530D graphics chip
3 – LogMeIn

In addition:
a – I am connected to an old Olevia 37 inch HDTV via HDMI, and
b – Have a secondary monitor connected to the D-sub (VGA) port

I have two different errors, and was looking for any ideas to help sort this out.  Like you I would receive the ‘Display Driver Error’.  I would also get a ‘HDCP Support Required’ error.  Despite these 2 errors, at one point, I had all channels working on both monitors for one evening. The next day, I was back fighting with this issue. This is my 3rd day now, and I came across your article.  It appears it may have solved the ‘Video Display Error.

I decided to first simply disable the ‘LogMein Mirror Driver’, and that looks to have fixed my ‘Display Driver Error’.  I will have to fool around some more to see if I can get rid of the second error.

It gets more complicated with the 2 monitors.  Live TV working on the VGA Port.  I can then move the WMC window to the other monitor, and it will work.  But High Def channels have not worked since the first evening.

Very complex and very odd.

Anyway, thanks for figuring out this piece of the puzzle.

Switching Between a Static IP address and DHCP – Windows 7

If you frequently travel with a laptop, you are often going to need or require access to a network. Connecting to a network provides access to the internet, from which you can check email, access government websites or commercial services, or services provided by an employer, friends or family.

Unlike a home or work connection, where the PC is typically always on and the PC doesn’t move, a laptop moving from hotel to coffee shop to temporary work area may have to be configured specifically for a specific location.

If you get to a location where you are unable to connect to the network, here are some things to check for:

– Check to make sure the network isn’t down – It is always possible that the site you are at is having technical problems. Check to see if others are connecting without a problem, or simply check with your host such as the hotel front desk.

– Check your wireless
If you are using a wireless connection, is the wireless radio on your laptop turned on – If using wireless, most manufacturers provide a switch or button that allows you to disable the radio on your laptop when not being used. look at the top row above the keyboard, or along the sides or front of the laptop.  Turning the radio off and on could also be a shared function on the keyboard, or even a software setting within software on the laptop.

Make sure you have configured your wireless connection properly for the location providing the wireless connection.  Your provider should be able to identify what type of encryption, the password, etc.

– Check your cable
If you are using a wired connection, the cable may look ok, and still have a broken wire inside or other problem. Try to switch cables or borrow a cable to see if this resolves your problem.

– Check to see if your laptop should use DHCP or a static IP address – While DHCP is far more common, check with the provider of the network service.  If your laptop is configured incorrectly, this will frequently prevent your laptop from making a network connection.


More About DHCP and Static IP Addresses
For computers to communicate on a network, they require whats called an IP address.  IP addresses can vary from location to location, and are different throughout the world.

When traveling, places that offer network access provide the IP address. The address can either be provided manually (known as a fixed or static IP), or more commonly with a feature called DHCP. With DHCP, your laptop simply makes a request to the network and asks to borrow an IP address.  The device that issues out the IP address responds by providing your laptop with an address.

Typically, most networks and most PCs are configured to use DHCP. However, if you have been traveling, or received the laptop from someone who had been traveling, it is possible the laptop has been configured with a Static IP address.  If a laptop is configured to use a static IP address, the odds of it being properly configured for any given location is fairly low, and further, the DHCP feature is disabled as a result of the laptop having a static IP address.

Check with the network provider and determine if you should be using DHCP or a static IP.  If you require a static IP, they will need to provide you that information.

If you are not an administrator on your laptop, you will probably not be able to change these network connection settings. However, one thing to know is that your wired and wireless connections are configured independently, one may be configured for DHCP, and the other could be configured with a static IP address.  If you have the option, you may want to try both connections.


Changing From a Static IP Address to DHCP
Locate the Network icon in the lower right corner of the screen

Click on the Network icon, a window should open.
Select Open Network and Sharing Center

From the Network and Sharing Center, select Change adapter settings

Right click on the connection you want to change, and select Properties

If you are not logged in as an administrator, you will need to provide an administrator username and password to continue

A Connection Properties window will open.
Highlight Internet Protocol Version 4, and select Properties

To use DHCP, select Obtain an IP address automatically,
Select OK

If you need to setup your connection to use a Static IP address,
Select Use the following IP Address
insert the information provided by the network host as shown here
Select OK when completed

Select OK to close the Network Connection Properties window

Manually Connect to a Hidden Wireless Network Using Windows 7

When connecting to a wireless network, most wireless networks identify themselves by broadcasting their SSID.  In Windows 7, if your wireless adapter is turned on, your computer will provide you with a list of the networks it has detected.  While not common, you may need to occasionally connect to a wireless network that does not broadcast its SSID, thereby masking its presence.  This quick tutorial provides instructions on how to create a manual connection to a wireless network that is not broadcasting its SSID.

From the Windows Start Button;
Select Control Panel, then open the Network and Sharing Center

From the Network and Sharing Center;
Select Manage wireless networks

From Manage wireless networks;
Select Add

Select Manually create a network profile

Enter information for the wireless network you want to add;
Network Name (SSID): PublicW7
Security type: WPA2-Personal
Encryption type: AES
Security Key (Shared Secret):  * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Connect even if the network is not broadcasting  should be checked
Select Next

A window should appear indicating the PublicW7 network was successfully added.
Select Close

PublicW7 should now be listed as an available wireless network

Click on the Network status icon, a list of the detected and manually created wireless networks should be listed.
If you do not see any networks, make sure your wireless adapter is powered on.
Select PublicW7

Select Connect

How to Connect to Hidden Wireless Networks

How to Connect to Wireless Networks

Troubleshoot problems finding wireless networks

Back-Up Sage Timberline 9.x Database

Open Sage Desktop
From the menu on the left side, expand Sage Timberline Office
Browse to: Common Tasks / Tools / File Tools

Double-Click File Tools
From the File Tools window, select Backup, then click Next

From the Backup Operation window, select Add Folder
From the Browse For Folder window, browse to the folder containing the company database
Highlight the folder, and select OK

The folder containing the database should now be listed in the Backup Operation window

Select Next

The Destination folder should contain previous backups
The Archive name  should  clearly identify the backup
The Append button allows the backup routine to automatically add an identifier to the file name, such as date and time stamps.

Under Comments, The default comment may be used, but additional info can be added

The Backup Operation will perform a Validation  routine before the backup can proceed.

Once the Validation is complete, select Next

You will have an option to browse the list of files to be backed up.  All files listed in the window will be backed up.

Select Next

From the Execution Summary window, select Next to perform the backup operation

The backup operation will proceed.
Upon completion , a status window will be displayed.

Select Finish

Delete and Disable Offline Files – Windows 7 Sync Center

To discontinue a Sync Partnership in Sync Center:

Open the Sync Center
All Programs / Control Panel / Sync Center

Select Manage offline files

From the General Tab, click on View your offline files.

An explorer window opens
Double-click on Computers

You should see the computer you are syncing files with.
Right-click on the computer icon and choose Delete offline copy

The local copy of your files are deleted
The network copy of your files should not be affected.

After the offline copy of your files are deleted you should be back at the Offline Files> Computers’ window.
Close Window
From the Offline Files Window, Click on Disable offline files

Immedietaly restart the computer to ensure the Offline Folders are gone and disabled
Select OK

Windows 7
Understanding offline files

Configuring New Offline Files Features for Windows 7 Computers Step-by-Step Guide

File Sharing and Offline Files Enhancements

Windows Vista
Understanding offline files

Changes to Offline Files in Windows Vista

What’s New in Offline Files for Windows Vista

Working with network files when you are offline

Delete Temporary Files Used By Offline Files

Windows XP
How to use offline files in Windows XP

Use Offline Files When You’re off the Network

How To Configure Offline Files to Synchronize When a Particular Network Connection Becomes Active


Additional Resources
Windows 7 Offline Files

Use Windows Vista’s Offline Files to Access Documents Offline

How to relocate the Offline Files folder in Windows 2000/XP ?

Disable Offline Files

Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT) – Links and Notes

Managing Activation Using the Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT)

Manage Activation Using VAMT 2.0_White Paper

Using VAMT 2.0 – Video

Manage Activations Using VAMT_ [] – Video

Managing Office 2010 Activations using the Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT 2.0) – Video

Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT) 2.0 – Download

Product Activation Using VAMT 2.0 – Download

Microsoft Licensing – Links and Notes

Key Management Service (KMS).
KMS uses a host computer to establish an activation service on your local company network. With a KMS host you can activate thousands of computers at the same time when they regularly connect to the company network. If you use a KMS host to activate Windows, you can use the same host to activate Office 2010.

Multiple Activation Key (MAK).
With MAK, each computer activates Office 2010 with the Microsoft hosted activation servers over the Internet or by phone. MAK is recommended when you have fewer than 50 computers to activate, and for computers that are not regularly connected to the company network.

Volume Activation

Volume Activation 2.0 Technical Guidance – Downloads

Frequently Asked Questions About Volume License Keys

Fundamentals of Volume Activation

Multiple Activation Key (MAK) Activation

Key Management Service (KMS) Activation

Microsoft Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack

Preparing and Attaching an Elderberry Database System

The Elderry Database System requires Microsoft Access 2000 or Microsoft Access 2003 be installed on the workstation.

Initial File Preparation on a Host Server or Workstation
On the computer that will serve as the data host:

The database system is comprised of three files:
ElderberryVersionX.mdb – X represents the current version number
ElderberryData.mdb – Elderberry data file

Only one computer will contain the Elderberry data file, while more than one computer can be used to view or enter and edit data.

Create a folder called Elderberry Database on the host workstation or server.
If other workstations are going to require access to  the database, make sure the folder is shared or included in a network share path.

Copy the three files from the installation CD to the Elderberry Database folder.

Check the two .mdb files, make sure they are not marked as Read Only.

Installation on a Workstation
On the workstations that will access the database:

Create a folder called Elderberry Program in the root of Drive C.

Copy the files named ElderberryVersionX.mdb and MouseHook.dll from the installation CD or from the host server location to the Elderberry Program folder.

If necessary, change properties of the ElderberryVersionX.mdb file so that it is not Read Only.

Create a Desktop shortcut for the ElderberryVersionX.mdb. This shortcut will serve to open the database system.
Windows 7 – Put shortcut in the Users\Public\Desktop folder (requires elevation) for all users to see it.

Attach the database as shown below to attach the front and back ends of the database system.

Attach Database
On the workstations that will access the database:

The database system is comprised of two Microsoft Access files.

The ElderberryVersionX.mdb is the front end of the database system. It provides the user interface, such as the forms and buttons.
The ElderberryData.mdb is the back end of the database system. It contains all of the data entered by users of the program.

In order for the database system to function properly, the front end and back end must be attached.

Double-click on the ElderberryVersionX.mdb desktop shortcut

If prompted to block unsafe expressions, select No.

If you see a Security Warning asking Do you want to open this file, select Open

From the top-line menu within Access 2003, select Tools \ Macros \ Security

Select Low Security

Close Microsoft Access

Double-click on the ElderberryVersionX.mdb desktop shortcut

click Attach Database

From the Attach Database window, click BROWSE

Browse to the ElderberryData.mdb file on the host server or workstation.

Select the file and click Open

From the Attach Database window, click on ATTACH DATABASE.
It may not appear as though anything is happening, wait 10 to 20 seconds.

When you see the Attach Completed pop-up, select OK.

Close and reopen Elderberry.

You can now login to Elderberry

Setting up your Outlook 2007 or Outlook 2010 client to work with Gmail (IMAP)

If you have a need or preference to receive your Google mail (Gmail) within your Outlook 2007 or Outlook 2010 client, you can do so by performing the steps on this page.

The first step is to sign into your Gmail account and enable the IMAP option from your Web Browser.
Once you are logged into your Gmail account, click the gear icon in the upper-right of the page and select Mail settings from the drop-down list.
Once on the Settings page, click on Forwarding and POP/IMAP.
Under IMAP Access Select Enable IMAP.
Scroll to the bottom of the Mail Settings page and click on Save Changes.

The next step is done from the Windows Control Panel
From Windows, open the Control Panel, and select Mail (32 bit)
Select Show Profiles…

Select Add…
A New Profile window will open.
Give the Profile a Name, such as Gmail, then click OK

Select Manually configure settings or additional server types, then click Next>

Select Internet Email, then click Next>

Under User Information, enter your display name and your Gmail E-mail Address.
Google Apps users should enter your full email address using your registered email domain, e.g. ‘’

Under Server Information enter the information as shown here:
Account Type: select IMAP
Incoming mail server:
Outgoing mail server:

Under Logon Information:
Your User Name is your Gmail Email address
Enter the Password you use to logon to your Gmail account

Click on More Settings…

Select the Advanced tab. Enter the information as shown here:
Incoming server (IMAP):  993
Use the following type of encrypted connection: Select SSL.
 Outgoing server (SMTP): 587
Use the following type of encrypted connection: Select TLS.

The above ports are the default ports recommended by the Gmail website.  If you have problems sending or receiving email using one or both of these ports, you should go to your ISP’s website or contact them for information on recommended ports for email.

You can also try the Outlook default SMTP port.
Under the Advanced tab:
Outgoing server (SMTP): 25
Use the following type of encrypted connection: Select TLS.

Select the Outgoing Server tab.
Check My outgoing server (SMTP) requires authentication
Select the radio button Use same settings as my incoming mail server.
Click OK

If you have other mail profiles listed as shown here, select Prompt for a profile to be used.
Click OK

Your Outlook should now have a profile that is configured for use with Gmail

Outlook 2007
Gmail instructions to configure for IMAP

Outlook 2007
Gmail instructions to configure for POP

Use Gmail IMAP in Microsoft Outlook 2007
How-To Geek instructions to configure for IMAP

Add Your Gmail Account to Outlook 2007
How-To Geek instructions to configure for POP

Adding Drivers into a Windows Server 2008 Windows Deployment Services Boot Image – Links and Notes

The functionality as described here is only available when installing images of the following operating systems:
Windows Vista with SP1 / Windows 7
Windows Server 2008 / Windows Server 2008 R2

If you use or have used Windows Deployment Services (WDS) to deploy Windows Vista, Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 images, one of the more common problems you may encounter is having the deployment process fail as a result of a missing compatible network driver in the boot image (boot.wim) used by the deployment server.  The network driver provides the neccesary level of communication needed between the deployment server and the system receiving a Windows image to allow for a successful deployment.

The process begins at the system receiving an image by the invocation of a Network Boot (usually a PXE boot).  The system will request an IP address via DHCP.  Once the system has an IP address, an administrator will have an option to proceed with a network service boot and begin the deployment process using WDS.  The boot image (boot.wim) is provided by WDS during this phase of the deployment.  The boot.wim needs to contain a compatible network driver for the network adapter on the system receiving the image.  Once the Boot.wim has a compatible network device driver available, the image deployment process can proceed.

With previous versions of WDS, the process to inject a new driver was command line driven, and that option is still available. It was an involved enough process that I never got around to working through the steps.  I tended to use what I felt were simple, alternative methods to complete the deployment, such as having a common network card I could quickly drop into a system, or use a compatible USB NIC.

With the version of Windows Deployment Services that comes with Windows Server 2008, Microsoft has included a GUI driven utility within WDS that makes adding new network and graphics drivers to the boot.wim pretty easy. has created a video that quickly steps you through the process of injecting a driver into the boot.wim.  I link to it below.  To help make the process go a bit more smoothly, I suggest creating a folder on the WDS server to hold any drivers you add. I created a folder called !DriverInjection within the Remote Install folder (RemInst share) on the deployment server. You can than make a subfolder for each driver you intend to add to the boot.wim.  Even if you are only adding one driver now, creating a simple structure to organize these drivers and keep them available will help if you add new drivers in the future, or need to round up the drivers again.

The link to the video that shows how to add drivers to a Windows Deployment Services boot image is currently available at and at YouTube.  See the links below


Adding Drivers into a Boot Image on Windows Deployment Services

Managing and Deploying Driver Packages

Managing Driver Packages:

-> Extract and Add Driver Packages:

-> Scenario 1: Deploy Driver Packages Based on the Plug and Play Hardware of the Client:

Error message when you start a PXE client to connect to a WDS server on a Windows Server 2008-based computer:
“WdsClient: An error occurred while starting networking”

Network Service Boot

Access Your Work PC From a Remote Location Using Remote Web Workplace

Important Notes:

  • These instructions were written for Small Business Server 2003 Remote Web Workplace
  • Remote Web Workplace requires Internet Explorer
  • Before you attempt to connect to your workstation, you will need to know the name of the workstation you are connecting to

Using Internet Explorer, go to the Small Business Server Remote Web Workplace Website.
If you are presented with the notice There is a problem with this website’s security certificate, select Continue to this website (not recommended).

From the Welcome to Windows Small Business Server 2003 page.
Select Remote Web Workplace.

If not presented with this welcome screen, proceed to the next step.

Enter your username and password and select Log On.

From the Main Menu, select Connect to Client Desktops.

Scroll thru the list of Computers and locate your workstation.
Highlight your workstation, then select Connect.

A Remote Desktop Connection window will pop up.
Select Connect.

You should now be presented with your work PC’s desktop and can logon and use your workstation PC.

Determine the Name of Your Windows 7 or Vista Computer

Enable and configure the Remote Web Workplace

Determine the Name of Your Windows 7 or Vista Computer

To determine the name of your PC.
Click on the Start Button, this will bring up the Start Menu.
From the Start Menu, right click on Computer, this will bring up a second context sensitive menu.
From the context sensitive menu, select Properties.

This brings up a window that allows you to View basic information about your computer.
In the bottom third of the window, look for Computer name, domain and workgroup settings section.
Computer name is the first entry in this section.

Unable to Enter Text Within the Body of an Email Using Outlook Web Access (OWA)

When accessing your email using Outlook Web Access on an Exchange 2003 mail server, you find you are unable to compose or reply to a message.  Instead of being able to place your cursor in the body of the email message, you see a square with a red “x” in the body of the message.

This problem can occur as a result of a security update applied to the Exchange 2003 Server.  The workstation attempting to access Outlook Webmail does not have the current security update applied.

To resolve this issue:
Connect to your Outlook Web Access (OWA)
From your OWA, click on the “options” in the left Task Pane.

In the right hand frame, under the ‘E-mail Security’ option, select ‘Download’ to install or upgrade the S/MIME Control. This will download the S/MIME add-on.

A ‘Security Warning’ window should pop-up asking  ‘Do you want to run or save this file? Select ‘Run’.
Follow the prompts to complete the installation.

After installing the security update you may be presented with the notification: ‘This website wants to run the following add-on: Microsoft (R) Dynamic HTML Editing Control’.
Right click on the notification and select ‘Run Add-on’ to activate the control

The Red X should be gone and you should now be able to compose an email.

Implementing Outlook Web Access with the S/MIME Control

How to Install the Outlook Web Access S/MIME Control

Configure Message Security in OWA 2003

Backup and Restore – Windows 7 – Links and Notes

Video: Backing up and restoring your computer

Back up and restore: frequently asked questions

What backup settings should I use to maximize my disk space?

How To Use Backup and Restore in Windows 7

How To Manage Hard Drive Space Used by Windows 7 Backup and Restore

Learn more about system image backup

Replace Your Hard Drive Using Free Windows 7 Tools

Windows 7: BackUp and Restore

Windows 7 Backup & Restore – What it should have been in Vista!

Windows 7 Service Pack 1 – Links

 Service Pack 1 (SP1) for Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 (Technet)


Steps to Follow Before you Install Windows 7 Service Pack 1 From the Microsoft Download Center

Learn How to Install Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1)

How to Uninstall Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1)

Service Pack Center